The ambitious Ganga Expressway project has been launched in 2021, with the vision to improve the connectivity to interior regions of Uttar Pradesh. Absolutely mammoth in size, this project will be an estimated 602 Kms in length. The logistics involved with this project means that it has been slated to be completed in two phases. The Ganga Expressway will connect a number of districts between Prayagraj and Meerut while passing through Varanasi.
Even though the land acquisition and commencement of construction still hang in the balance, this expressway in UP is expected to be completed by 2025. In order to keep up with the pre-decided deadlines, the construction of the state’s other projects was not halted even during the COVID-19 pandemic. Let’s take a closer look at this gigantic undertaking.
Ganga Expressway-Overview of an Ambitious Project
The development of this project has been undertaken by the Uttar Pradesh Industrial Development Authority (UPEIDA). This authority is in charge of constructing and developing all the expressways in UP. This massive 600 Km expressway will connect 12 districts in UP, while also connecting over 500 villages to the rest of the state.
There will be ample space for the development of industrial clusters along the expressway as well as for various public utilities. Reports state that the estimated budget for this project is somewhere around ₹36,000 crore and will be spread over 6,500 hectares of land. The massive size of this expressway means that it can also be used as a makeshift airstrip if required.
The expressway can also be expanded to an 8 lane expressway if required, with the speed limit being capped at 120km/hour for vehicles. The plans also include a proposal for a 1 Km bridge over the Ganga river as well as another one for a 700 Metre bridge over Ramganga. It is estimated that the project will have 14 major bridges, 120 minor bridges, 30 flyovers, 920 culverts, and 8 diamond intersections. The toll plazas for the Ganga expressway will be constructed in Prayagraj and Meerut, with a further 15 toll plazas along the route.
Ganga Expressway Project Cost
The estimated budget for the construction of this project is ₹ 36,230 Crores. Out of this budget, ₹ 9225 crores is the estimated cost for the acquisition of land, while ₹22,125 Crore is to be the cost for the civil works. The expressway has been planned in four packages, with each package costing ₹5000 crores to ₹5800 crores. A 30-year agreement has been drafted for this project to be completed on a Public-Private partnership model.
Ganga Expressway History & Timeline
The ambitious idea for the Ganga Expressway was first proposed in 2007 by the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh Mayawati. However, the project could not be taken any further due to an order from the Allahabad High Court. The order stated that the state was required to complete a thorough environmental study of the area proposed for construction of the project and obtain a permit from the Central Government. The idea lay dormant till it was received by UP chief minister Yogi Adityanath in 2019. Let’s take a look at the timeline for this project:
|January 2019||The project is revived again after being stalled since 2007. The project is relaunched on 29th January 2019|
|February 2019||The construction plans for the Ganga expressway route start taking shape. It is decided that the expressway will be built parallel to the Ganga river map with a distance of 10 km between the road and the river.|
|September 2019||The two alignment plans are finalised. CM Yogi Adityanath approves one of them. A consultant will be appointed to draft and finalise a Detailed Project Report. The project is slated to be completed by 2024.|
|February 2020||₹ 200 crores is assigned for the construction of the Ganga Expressway. The date for the completion of the first phase is set in 2024.|
|March 2021||12 packages are introduced for tenders for the construction of the 594 Km long first phase of the project.|
|May 2021||The acquisition of land commences. ₹ 3,440 hectares of land have been acquired toll May 30, 2021.|
|June 2021||A further 5,260 hectares have been acquired.|
|August 2021||Around 90% of the land required for the project has been acquired. 6,532 hectares of land is acquired. Punjab National bank approves a loan of ₹ 5100 for the development of the project.x|
|September 2021||93% of the land required for the project is acquired. Approval was provided by the Uttar Pradesh cabinet on 2nd September.|
Route of the Ganga Expressway
The current plan of the Ganga expressway route states that it will be 602 Kms long in length and will pass through 12 districts. It will enhance the connectivity in the state by integrating over 500 villages along its route. The following is the route plan of this expressway in UP:
The following is the route of Phase 1 of the project:
|Meerut to Hapur||49 Km|
|Hapur to Amroha||30 Km|
|Amroha to Budaun||50.7 Km|
|Binawar(Budaun) to Binawar (Budaun)||52.1 Km|
|Budaun to Shahjahanpur||46.7 Km|
|Shahjahanpur to Hardoi||52.9 Km|
|Ubariya Khurd (Hardoi) to Iksai (Hardoi)||52.4 Km|
|Hardoi to Unnao||50.2 Km|
|Raiya Mao (Unnao) to Sarson (Unnao)||53 Km|
|Unnao to Raebareli||51.8 Km|
|Raebareli to Pratapgarh||52 Km|
|Pratapgarh to Allahabad||53 Km|
The detailed project report for phase 2 of the project has not been launched yet. Given below is the route plan for Phase 2:
- Prayagraj to Varanasi
- Varanasi to Ballia
Phase 2 also includes plans for an extension towards Tigri up to the Uttarakhand border near Haridwar.
10 Things you Just Cannot Miss About the Ganga Expressway
The Ganga Expressway project is one of the biggest government projects in recent times. There is a huge amount of logistical expenses associated with the project which makes it truly ambitious. Spread over 600 Kms, this expressway is sure to integrate the whole state by connecting over 500 villages. Let’s take a look at some facts about the project which is touted to place India in the ‘1 Trillion Dollar’ economy category:
- The Ganga Expressway will connect eastern Uttar Pradesh with western Uttar Pradesh while integrating 12 districts and numerous villages
- This is the second-largest expressway in India after the Delhi-Mumbai highway
- The entry and exit to this expressway will be done through only specific toll plazas. The entire expressway will be access controlled
- There will be 15 ramp toll plazas along the route, with 2 main tolls in Meerut and Prayagraj
- There will be a 4-hour reduction in travel time between Meerut and Praygaraj. The total travel time is now down to 7 hours from the previous 11 Hours
- The speed limit for the expressway has been set at 120 Km/hr, which is the highest permissible limit in India
- Originally built with 6 lanes, the expressway can be expanded to 8 lanes if required
- A makeshift airstrip will also be constructed on the expressway for use by the Indian Air Force in case of emergency landings
- The airstrip will be constructed in the Sultanpur district
- The project will cost over ₹ 36,000 crore and will take an estimated 2 years to complete
What Does Ganga Expressway Mean for UP Real Estate?
History has shown that the construction of expressways has not only increased connectivity but has also led to an increase in real estate growth as well. The Ganga Expressway in UP is also expected to have similar effects on the Uttar Pradesh real estate market. The enhanced connectivity is expected to create a hike in land prices in all the areas along with the project. Meerut, Prayagraj, and the outskirts of Uttarakhand are expected to be the beneficiaries of these changes.
Further, the Uttar Pradesh Government has also announced plans for the development of Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and food processing units along the expressway. This means, there will also be an increase in residential growth potential. The expressway is sure to affect the land prices in many villages and towns along the proposed route.
Meerut, the western city of Uttar Pradesh is predicted to receive the most benefits from the construction of the mammoth project. This is because of its proximity to Delhi NCR and the number of other infrastructure projects already in progress in the city. The introduction of the Delhi-Meerut Regional Rapid Rail Transit System will also be a gamechanger for the real estate market in Meerut.
Further, the land prices near the proposed site have already gone up since the project was announced. This means that the land prices will only shoot up after the completion of the project. The plans for the development of industries, social infrastructure, eco-tourism facilities, residential projects will lead to a domino effect for all the other sectors. The development of new residential townships will boost the real estate market of the region while also steadily increasing land prices.
According to reports, the construction of this gigantic project has already begun in July in Meerut. The implications of this project are truly exciting and hold a wide array of benefits for the state and country. The completion of this project is sure to boost India’s economy and real estate market. It will enhance the connectivity within Uttar Pradesh while also creating space for various commercial and residential projects.
Where is the Ganga Expressway located?
The 594 Km long project is slated to connect Meerut to Allahabad while cutting down 4 hours of travel time. It will pass through 12 districts of Uttar Pradesh, connecting the east to the west.
Which company is building the Ganga Expressway?
The Ganga Expressway is being developed and constructed by the Uttar Pradesh Expressways Industrial Development Authority.
Which is the longest expressway in India?
The Ganga Expressway is touted to be the second-largest expressway in India. The longest expressway in India is the Mumbai-Delhi express highway, stretching over 1,380 Kms.