18 Different Types Of Houses In India With Perfect Home Styles


Whether you’re a first-time homeowner, a real estate investor, or someone who loves to talk about houses, you’re in the right place. We’re here to explore all types of houses, from historic homes to modern-day mansions to tiny homes. We’ll talk about the unique features of different types of houses and their styles, the pros and cons of various materials, and the different ways to customize your home. So, let’s get started and dive into the world of houses and their types!

What is a House?

Merriam-Webster defines a house as a majestic abode, a sanctuary for one or a few families to call home. But a house is essentially one of the most important things in a person’s life. It is a place of shelter, safety, and comfort. It is a place where memories are made, relationships are built, and life is lived. From ancient structures to modern marvels, houses come in all shapes and sizes, and they all serve the same purposeโ€”to provide a space for people to call home.

A majestic abode, a sanctuary of solace and peace, a haven of warmth and comfort, a house is a place of refuge, a haven of love and joy, and a source of security and safety for most.ย 

Types of Houses in India

When it comes to finding a place to live, a wide variety of different types of houses available to choose from. From traditional single-family homes to modern apartment complexes, there is a type of house to match almost any lifestyle. Each type of house has its unique set of benefits, drawbacks, and considerations. Let us explore the different types of houses there are-

Flats or Apartments

Flats or Apartments

A flat, or apartment, is a house that has become increasingly popular across cities in India. As land becomes scarce, these residential dwellings are the perfect solution for urban living. They are equipped with the basic facilities necessary for comfortable living and come in different sizes, from 1BHK to 3BHK, and even bigger. Builders also provide additional amenities for modern home buyers.

Studio Room

Studio Room

Another type of home is the studio apartment, also known very prevalently known as a room-kitchen (RK). Working professionals and students primarily use these dwellings, as they are compact and efficient. These types of apartments are great for people on a budget and bachelors, who are looking to share their space with other people.ย 



The most luxurious type of house is the penthouse. Penthouses are houses located on the top floor of a high-end building. These homes symbolise exclusivity and grandeur and have opulent features not usually seen in regular apartments. Ventilation, natural light, and an unhindered view of the surroundings are just some of the advantages of living in a penthouse.



Bungalows are single-story or one-and-a-half-story dwellings typically surrounded by a parking space and garden. Bungalows are far more costly than apartments or flats, as they occupy more space for living. Bungalows are gaining popularity due to the pandemic, as people now prefer larger outdoor spaces for recreation and leisure. Traditional and contemporary designs are also available for a unique and personalized home.



A villa in India is a luxurious abode, equipped with all the modern amenities. It is spacious, with a backyard and a lawn, creating a sense of togetherness with other villas in the same locality, yet granting the privacy that an independent house has. Such villas are often found in gated communities, which come with added amenities such as a swimming pool, a theatre, and a clubhouse.



Condos or condominiums are becoming popular in cities such as Noida, Gurugram, Pune, Chennai, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad. This type of house is found in building complexes and consists of individually owned apartments. The property is managed either by the owners or with the help of a property management firm. Plus, owners have the advantage of sharing common areas, such as a garden and terrace.



Cottage houses are small, quaint, one-storey dwellings that are popular as summer or vacation homes. These charming abodes are often made of wood, stone, thatched roofs, and stucco walls, and come in various types of architectural styles.

Row Houses

row house

Row houses are houses that stand independent in gated communities. These are a combination of bungalows and flats, enabling the owners to enjoy independent living while still being part of a neighbourhood.

Duplex House

Duplex Houses

Duplex house offer the best of both worlds โ€“ the privacy of an independent house and the convenience of an apartment. Such dwellings are increasingly popular among Indian families, especially those with multiple generations. Many builders are customising the layout of duplex homes according to the buyers’ needs.



Farmhouses are perfect for those who love to spend time in nature. Surrounded by lush greenery, these dwellings are a popular choice for holiday homes and second homes. People living in farmhouses can enjoy a rural lifestyle, grow their vegetables, and even host parties without getting disturbed or disturbing their neighbours. Farmhouses are commonly found near Karjat, Lonavala, and Alibaug (in Mumbai) and Westend Greens, Chhatarpur, Rajokri, Mehrauli, and Sultanpur (in Delhi).

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Stilt House

Stilt house

Stilt houses are a common sight in flood-prone places such as Assam. Built with bamboo, these dwellings stand above the ground, protecting their inhabitants from floods.

Tree House


Treehouses are a great way to enjoy the beauty of the forest and get away from the hustle and bustle of city life. Built high on treetops, they have modern facilities that promise an idyllic experience.



Huts are the most basic type of houses, built with locally available materials such as stone, grass, wood, branches, palm leaves, or mud. These tiny dwellings are cost-effective and are found in many parts of India.

Eco-friendly House

Eco-friendly house

Eco-friendly homes are increasingly becoming popular in India. These dwellings are designed keeping the environment in mind, with non-toxic and energy-efficient materials like thermal insulation, low-flow taps, rainwater harvesting, and water-efficient appliances.



India is home to magnificent palaces โ€“ the grandiose homes of erstwhile Indian maharajas. These lavish dwellings showcase the opulence of the maharajas and have now been getting transformed in to heritage hotels.

What are the Materials Used for Different Types of Houses in India?

A house’s construction requires various materials to ensure its structural integrity and aesthetic appeal. In the following section, we shall explore the different types of materials used for making houses.


Wood is a classic and timeless material used in homebuilding. It is versatile, and durable, and provides excellent insulation. Wood can be used in many applications, such as framing, siding, and flooring. With the right care and maintenance, wood can last decades and become a beautiful part of your home.


Brick is another popular material used for homebuilding. It is strong, long-lasting, fire-resistant, and easy to maintain. Bricks can be used for both interior and exterior walls, and are often used in combination with other materials such as wood.


Concrete is a popular choice for homebuilding due to its durability and strength. It is often used for the foundation of a home and can also be used for walls and other structural elements. Concrete is also energy-efficient, as it can help keep homes cool in the summer and warm in the winter.


Steel is a relatively new material used in homebuilding. It is strong and durable, as well as fire-resistant and low maintenance. Steel can be used for framing, wall panels, and other structural elements. It is also energy-efficient, as it can help keep homes cool in the summer and warm in the winter.


Glass is an increasingly popular material used for homebuilding. It is energy-efficient, allowing natural light to enter the home and helps keep homes cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Glass can also be used for walls, windows, and other decorative elements.

Building eco-friendly homes is becoming increasingly popular as people become more aware of sustainability and their environmental impact. Let us also examine the different eco-friendly materials used for making houses.ย 

Straw Bale

Straw bale is a renewable, sustainable, and cost-effective material that is used for constructing walls and other parts of a building. It is made from straw, usually, wheat or rice, which is bound together and covered with plaster or stucco.ย 


Bamboo is a rapidly renewable resource used for centuries to construct buildings. It is a lightweight, yet strong, material that can be used for walls, floors, and roofs.ย 

Recycled Materials

Many materials, such as plastic, glass, metal, and wood, can be recycled and used to build eco-friendly houses. These materials can be used to construct walls, roofs, and other building parts.ย 

Rammed Earth

Rammed earth is a sustainable building material made from gravel, sand, and clay. It is mixed with a binding agent and then compressed into a form to create walls and other building parts.ย 


Hempcrete is a sustainable and eco-friendly material made from hemp and lime. It is lightweight and breathable, making it ideal for walls and insulation.ย 


Cob is a natural building material made from clay, sand, straw, and water. It can be used to construct walls, floors, and roofs, making it a great eco-friendly option for building houses.

What are the Different Types of Traditional Houses in India?

India has a rich legacy of traditional architecture, the houses of the past have evolved over time to suit the local climate, topography, and culture. From the stone and brick homes of Kerala to the mud and thatch dwellings of Kutch, each traditional house in India has its unique story to tell. Letโ€™s explore some of these varied traditional types of homes in India.ย 


  • Guttu houses, the traditional dwellings of the bunt community, feature steeply pitched roofs and double-storeyed blocks around a courtyard.
  • Guttu houses, surrounded by extensive fields of paddy and lush palm trees, are constructed using clay and hardwood.


  • Nalukettu, the traditional big houses of Kerala, are four blocks linked together by an open courtyard.ย 
  • Built according to the principles of the traditional Thachu Sasthra and Vastu Shastra, the houses are made of clay, timber wood, palm leaves, and stone, in harmony with nature.ย 


  • Havellis, the traditional houses of Rajasthan, boast of beautiful courtyards, jharokhas, intricate pillars, and carved doors.
  • Built from sandstone, wood, plaster, marble, or granite, these houses reflect the Mughal, Persian, and Indian architectures.


  • Bhungas are traditional, round-shaped houses in Kutch with a thatched roof.ย 
  • These houses, constructed from mud, are lauded for their ability to withstand earthquakes and extreme weather conditions.

West Bengal

  • Bungalows are one-storied houses with a veranda, offering relief from the humid climate of Bengal during the summers.
  • The word ‘bungalow’ is derived from the Hindi language, and it translates to a house in the Bengal style.
  • Bungalows have distinct features like sloped roofs, large windows, open floor plans, and wide front porches.
  • They are designed to provide comfort and convenience in tropical climates.


  • The Chang Ghar is based on the traditional dwellings of the indigenous tribes of the upper region of Assam. It has been adapted to suit the modern lifestyle while preserving the cultural essence.
  • These houses are built on bamboo stilts or wooden poles.
  • This type of housing protects the occupants from floods and wild animals.
  • The โ€˜Misingโ€™ community of Assam is known for living in these houses on stilts.

From the grand homes of Kerala to the mud dwellings of Assam, every traditional type of house in India has its unique story to tell. Adapted to the local climate and culture, these houses embody the spirit of India.

Reflecting on What Weโ€™ve Learnt!

India is a beautiful country that is home to an array of diverse and unique houses. From intricately carved havelis to colonial-style bungalows, from traditional huts and farmhouses to contemporary villas and apartments, the various architectural styles reflect the countryโ€™s culture, history, and geography. Every type of house has its beauty, charm, and story to tell, making India an incredible place to live.

FAQ’s about Types of Houses

Q1. What are the main types of houses?

Apartments, bungalows, farmhouses, and flats are some of the most common types of houses.

Q2. What is the difference between houses?

Accordance with different topography, climatic conditions, and types of cities are some of the factors on which houses differ from place to place. A house in the mountains will have sloped ceilings, whereas a house in areas of high-level waters will be built on stilts.

Q3. What types of houses are found in villages?

Huts, kaccha houses, mansions, and farmhouses are some of the most common types of homes found in villages.

Q4. What are traditional houses in India?

In traditional Indian houses, the pitched roof extended from the main house to the verandah, supported by a series of columns often adorned with intricate designs. This gave the verandah a strong visual impact and created an inviting outdoor living space.

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