KMP or Western Peripheral Expressway: All You need to know

KMP Expressway or the Western Peripheral Expressway is the major expressway that plays an important role in maintaining the air quality of Delhi. This expressway diversifies more than 50,00 heavy vehicles away from the capital.

As the longest expressway in Haryana, the KMP expressway is 135.6 kilometers long. It is a six-lane operational expressway that has three lanes in both directions. This is a western peripheral expressway that has a positive impact on both Delhi and Haryana.

Overview of KMP Expressway (Western Peripheral Expressway)

WPE or the Western Peripheral Expressway or KMP Expressway is maintained by the state of Haryana by the State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC). Along with the Eastern Peripheral Expressway (EPE), this Western Peripheral Expressway makes the largest ring road in the capital of India, Delhi. 

KMP Expressway full form is Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway. This KMP highway proposal was made in the year 2003. The construction plan of the KMP highway was on a build-operate-transfer (BOT) model, which begins from the National Highway (NH) 1 near Kundli, Sonipat to the National Highway (NH) 2 near Palwal along with the Eastern Peripheral Expressway (EPE). The state of Delhi paid for half the land acquisition cost for Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway. They agreed to pay the amount as it will diversify half of the heavy vehicle traffic from the capital to the expressway. 

The state of Haryana started work for the KMP expressway route in the year 2006. The operations on this KMP highway route were delayed for more than a decade. After the Supreme Court of India intervened in the western peripheral highway, new bids were invited for the expressway in January 2016. After this expressway, the Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway was finally constructed and completed as well as became operational in November 2018.

The Western Peripheral Expressway is a six lane greenway highway that is hoisted at the junctions of roads. It also has the underpass for the cattle, tractors, and cars as well as barricades that helps in controlling the entry of animal and also has 24*7 surveillance service. This Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway helped and continues to help for smooth and quick transportation of the foodgrains, fruits, milk products, and vegetables from the state of Punjab, Haryana, Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh to the other parts of the country.

Unique Facts About the Western Peripheral Expressway 

  • The KMP Expressway project helped in diverting more than 50,000 heavy vehicles from the capital. Now, going to the western and southern parts of India from North India is easy without the need to enter the capital.
  • The project was proposed in 2003, but due to some reasons, it got delayed. After the involvement of the Supreme Court, the work resumed, and the route became operational in the year 2018.
  • Initially, this 135.6 kilometers long route was supposed to be of four lanes but later was increased to a six-lane route. 
  • The entire road has been designed carefully to help the light motor vehicles to move at 120 kilometers per hour, and the heavy motor vehicles can move at the speed of 100 kilometers per hour. 
  • The western peripheral expressway covers five districts – Palwal, Mewat, Gurugram, Jhajjar, and Sonipat.
  • During the construction of the KMP expressway, none of the road crossings, natural drainages, and the revenue roads were blocked as the expressway supports the natural movement of people, water, and the other elements of the world as mentioned by Vilas Misal, project director of Western Peripheral Expressway. 
  • For the prevention of mudslides, Vetiver/khus grass has been planted on the sideways of the expressway. This is environment-friendly grass, which takes in the carbon dioxide and hence, supports a clean environment, said the contractor of the KMP project, Pardeep Goyal.
  • On the median of the KMP expressway, two rows of shrubs along with on the sides of the expressway with two rows of the trees like neem, Sheesham and Arjun will be planted. At various locations of the expressway, fountains, cultural and historical monuments can be seen.
  • Multiple public facilities such as ambulances, police stations, refilling stations, and many more have been on the KMP expressway. 

Total Cost of KMP Expressway

As the Western Peripheral Expressway was upgraded from just a four-lane highway to a six-lane highway, the cost of the transformation of the KMP highway turned out to be ₹ 9,000 crores. Out of this ₹ 9,000 crores, ₹ 2,988 crores were spent on the acquisition of land. Also, ₹ 6,400 crores were spent on the construction and development of the highway.

Toll Rate of Western Peripheral Expressway

The KMP Expressway (Western Peripheral Expressway) has a total of 10 entries as well as 10 exits. These entries and exits are manned by the toll booths. As of December 2018, the toll booth prices were recorded as ₹ 1.35 per kilometer for cars, ₹ 2.18 per kilometer for light motor vehicles (LMVs), and ₹ 4.98 per kilometer for heavy motor vehicles (HMVs) on this western peripheral highway. The toll plazas present on the KMP expressway have been operational since December 2018. No two-wheelers are allowed on this expressway.   

In addition to the KMP Expressway toll plazas, it also has 23 overpasses along with 52 underpasses. It includes all the state and the national highway crossings along with the agricultural vehicular underpasses. The western peripheral expressway at least has 31 cattle crossing passages, along with 61 pedestrian crossing passages.

KMP Expressway Inauguration 

This 135.6 kilometers expressway is also divided into two parts and was inaugurated at different times. The Road Transport and Highway Minister, Nitin Gadkari has inaugurated the 53 kilometers of the KMP expressway between Manesar and Palwal in the month of April 2016. Also, the remaining 83 kilometers of the expressway, which is between Kundli and Manesar, was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 19, 2018. 

Entries And Exits of KMP Expressway

The KMP Highway has 10 entries as well as 10 exits. These entries and exits are at the prominent junctions of the north end side of the expressway that includes Kundli and Sonipat, and at the south end side of the expressway that includes Dholagarh and Palwal.

Speed Limit of KMP Expressway

The central government has set the speed limit of 120 kilometers per hour for light motor vehicles (LMVs) and 100 kilometers per hour for heavy motor vehicles (HMVs). The Haryana government has put the speed limit to 80 kilometers per hour for light motor vehicles (LMVs) and 60 kilometers per hour for heavy motor vehicles (HMVs) between the stretch of 83 kilometers of Manesar and Kundli on the KMP expressway. This was done with the intent to minimize the number of accidents and discourage them from overspeeding. 

Safety for People on KMP Expressway

As for now, this 135.6 long KMP exp[ressway lacks some of the basic facilities. It is still incomplete and unlit on the expressway, which makes this expressway prone to accidents. Even though this expressway was launched two years back by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the perils for the commuters started and were highlighted just after one year of its operation. Till now, more than 400 mishappenings and more than 100 fatalities have been recorded on the Western Peripheral.  

The major contributing cause for these mishappenings has been noticed because of the efficiently unlit KMP expressway route. 70% of these accidents took place either in the evenings or at night. 

Also, most of the contractors are yet to complete the expressway accusation raised by the Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC).

Public Convenience Facilities on KMP Expressway

The KMP Expressway has made all the necessary arrangements for the things that the people might need while going through the KMP Expressway Route. It has several public facilities. The facilities such as refilling stations, truck stops, medical trauma center along with a helipad, bus stands, food courts, traffic police stations, and other recreational facilities have been provided. Along with these facilities, other facilities that include ambulances, police patrol vehicles, and a crane are made available on the expressway for any kind of mishappenings. This service is available for every 20 kilometers of the KMP expressway. 

Multi-Modal Transit Stations on KMP Expressway

HSIIDC (the authority that manages the KMP expressway) has been working towards building the five multi-modal transit stations (MMTS) throughout the KMP expressway. The authority has already acquired the land for the construction of the building for MMTS. Also, these locations have been already earmarked. These locations are mentioned below in the table:

Multi-Modal Transit Stations (MMTS)Location
Bahadurgarh MMTSThis MMT is between the Bahadurgarh bus stand and the Bahadurgarh metro station. 
Balramgarh MMTSThis MMT is between Balramgarh railway station and the Raja Nahar Singh metro station.
Kherki Daula MMTSThis MMT is between Kherki Daula (in Gurugram), the Delhi RRTS station (which is under construction), and the bus stand, which is on the Chhapra and Naihati village junction. 
Kundli MMTSThis MMT is between Rajiv Gandhi Education City and the Delhi-Panipat RRTS station (which is under construction).
Panchagaon Chowk MMTSThis MMT is at the Manesar PanchgaonChowk. It is between the proposed metro station and the Delhi-Alwar RRTS station (which is under construction), the Jhajjar-Palwal rail line, and the Gurugram-Manesar metro. 

Traffic Management On KMP Expressway

This long expressway covers the areas of Haryana that include Jhajjar, Badli, Sonipat, Manesar, Nuh, Sohna, Palwal, Kharkhoda, Bahadurgarh, and Hathin. With approximately 50,000 heavy vehicles that are being diverted from the national capital, Delhi to the KMP expressway, the expressway also helps in the traffic decongestion. It also plays an important role in maintaining good air quality in Delhi as it is one of the major concerns for people in the state. 

KMP Expressway Route and Map

KMP expressway
Pic Source: Tribune India

Impact of KMP Expressway on Real Estate

This recently inaugurated KMP expressway has proved to bring positive outcomes in the real estate industry. This expressway has decreased the commuting time for the people. But it is also playing an important role in the real estate industry. 

The areas that were back on demand because of distance and location will be seeing improved connectivity with a boost in their economical situation. Many reputed brands in the real estate business have been setting up their plants in these areas. 

As these areas are on the outskirts of the cities, it has already attracted people because of low budget real estate properties. The surrounding areas of the Western Peripheral Expressway have been offering housing at affordable and attractive rates with excellent connectivity and basic amenities. After the development of the KMP expressway, the real estate profit is soaring high with new and improved connectivity of the areas with people. 

Timeline of KMP Expressway

  • In 2003 – Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway was proposed.
  • In 2006 – the State Government of Haryana started the work.
  • In 2009 – Commercial operations, which were about to begin, were postponed a number of times.
  • In January 2016 – With the intervention of the Supreme Court, the project was revived as well as the plan of four-lane expressway changed to a six-lane expressway.
  • In April 2016 – the Minister of Road Transport and Highways inaugurated the 53 kilometers stretch of the KMP expressway between the city of Manesar and Palwal.
  • In November 2018 – The KMP expressway became operational and was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi. 

Upcoming Connections of KMP Expressway

Currently known as the DND – Faridabad – KMP Expressway (Delhi – Mumbai Expressway), is under the process of construction. After the completion of this project, the traffic congestion in the Ashram -Badarpur -Faridabad -Ballabgarh areas will be reduced to a great extent. This project will be 59 kilometers long roadway as well as connect the Ring Road junction and DND Flyway in Delhi to the Western Peripheral Expressway near the Khalilpur Village in Sohna. 

Contact Details of KMP Expressway

Few of the important contact information of the Kundli Manesar Palwal expressway are: 

National Highway Helpline Number1033
KMP Expressway Police100
KMP Expressway Fire101
KMP Expressway Ambulance102 / 108
Disaster Management 1078
National Highway Authority1800 – 11 – 6062
National Highway Authority Websitewww.nhai.org

The contact details of HSIIDC and the KMP Expressway Authority is:

Haryana State and Industrial Development Corporation Limited,

Plot Number: C – 13 – 14,

Sector 6,

Panchkula – 134109,

Haryana, India.

Phone Number: +91 – 172 – 2590481 – 483

Email Id: [email protected]

Fax Details: +91 – 172 – 2590474

 

What is the full form of KMP Highway?

KMP highway refers to Kundli Manesar Palwal highway. This expressway is also known as Western Peripheral Expressway. It is 135.6 kilometers long and is one of the major expressways in India. It is maintained by the HSIIDC department of Haryana.

Is KMP highway safe?

After one year of its operation, the KMP highway has recorded more than 500 mishappenings because of an unlit and uncompleted route.

Is KMP safe at night?

The KMP expressway lacks the presence of light, making it unsafe for traveling at night as it can cause several mishappenings.

What are the highways that KMP connects?

KMP connects the four highways of the country- NH-1, NH-2, NH-8, and NH-10.

What is the largest Ring Road in Delhi?

The Western Peripheral and the Eastern Peripheral together is the largest Ring Road in Delhi.

Are bikes allowed on the KMP Expressway?

Bikes are not allowed on the KMP Expressway. Along with bikes, other two-wheeled vehicles are also not allowed on the Kundli Manesar Palwal Expressway.